The 1490s marked an era of new styles of theatre costumes, the era came along with ideas of twisting and stuffing original under garments and styles of dresses from the Medieval era costumes for a new view and ideals for styles. However, the type of country affected the types and styles of costumes and some even remained within the realm of style according to the past costumes. The renaissance was known as the cultural movement with the new concepts of art, science, religion, and humanism. It was not surprising that the new types of costumes would follow along.
|countries||same style||different style|
|Italy||lead with medieval style||few to none alterations of sleeves|
|Germany||color||changed ideas of silhouette also added more material to sleeve and undercoats.|
|Europe||followed France's ideas of improved costume|
Theatre costumes during the Renaissance period were mostly made for plays especially the plays for the famous play write William Shakespeare.
Changes from Medieval costumes basically revolved the ideas of:
1. Plunging waistlines
2. Fuller skirts
3. Square necklines
4. Sleeves puffed and tight square cuffs
Ultimately the fabrics and the patterns used for the renaissance costumes were very voluptuous and very opulent. The fabrics were heavy and the colors of the fabric reflected on the past Medieval Era. Which were dark colors such as red, black, gray, gold etc. Some popular fabric was dark silk, velvets, and brocades. Like with the type of change and alterations of costume, the fabric choice was also affected by which country the costume was made in.
Funnel sleeves- start out big as to they het to wrist become tighter.
Crescent Stuart cap- heart shaped cap.
Kennel/ Gable Headdress- a headdress that covers the ears and extends to cover the back of the head. Was made commonly with rich fabrics such as velvet and was pinned on.
Corset- tightly fitted to extend from below the chest to the hips.
Farthingales & Bumrolls- reshaped the body to a popular silhouette.
Bodice- part of the woman’s dress that was above vest
Stomacher- decorated v-shaped cloth that was worn over the chest and men also could wear.
Jerkin- could be considered present day vest, over coat with no sleeves.
Upper house- article of clothing that extended to upper thighs to the waist.
Panes- loose, parochial fitting sleeves
Cod piece- a pouch made from materials of other undergarments, secured by buckles or laces, had a decorated covering in front. In our time code be considered the zipper.
Nether house- fastened by garters they were stockings that covered under the knee and were usually rolled above.
Slashing and puff – the addition of slits to make a view of the outer garments to be bigger and broad.
Order of the garter- this is a special piece of undergarment that the king would offer an actor to wear was known as a great honor.
Clocking- embroidery found on the ankles of stocking or boots
Simar(re)- robe with no collar in the back was held together by a narrow silk scarf knotted wore in two different ways straight and puff or with.
Chain office- a chain that was worn across the chest, displayed the class of the man.
Flat cap- popular with Henry VIII a flat hat with a broad brim.
This era was also known as the Golden Age this was the time when history played a big part of the era even in daily life for all type of people in society. In the topic of theatre plays were written in different types of patterns and styles. For example, William Shakespeare who was famous play writes during this time with his famous plays Taming of the Shrew and Othello which are just few examples of Shakespeare's various plays.
The Elizabethan era focused on class. Even clothes were chosen upon era and in fact the fabric had to be chosen by class this was known as sumptuary law. The law was strict and consequences for disobeying the law were dire. Due to the fact plays were new the actors they kept the same type of costume. By permission of the Hierarchy the actors had to be permitted a permit to wear even a noble men’s costume due to the sumptuary law.
The sumptuary law was a great impediment to wear costumes, however it had its advantages because the stage would be where the latest fashion would be displayed first besides on the hierarchy. Because of law social classes stayed strictly within limits and only the top of the social class were the only ones allowed to sport new fashion trends the theater served as an excuse for a fashion show. Only if nobles were in site however, this was when they used the more luxurious clothing.
Hey guys! I know it's a lot of reading! I wrote it! so just take a second to sit back and watch the beauty of the costumes. Here is a video from the movie about Queen Elizabeth I! Pay attention to the details of the costumes although it is a modern movie they still depict common types o clothes and costume in this era there was really no difference. Queen Elizabeth is so vital to this era that it's named after her! have fun and Enjoy!
During the Elizabethan period the differences styles in the picture depicted for men would be under his clothes he is probably wearing a corset like the early women from the renaissance period. Now it wasn’t as important of men to have a vital style they were accepted with plain clothing. With the case of clothes over the coat would be separate sleeves, breeches that were short trousers with a cut under the knee. Also men were now sporting ruffs and cloaks. As you can see in the image below.
However, for women it was a different cases their underclothes changed to different styles of petticoats, outer part of the petticoat the kirtle, a forepart, and a partlet. Her over clothes commonly stayed the same with the Renaissance era. As seen in picture below.
Fabrics made only a small difference compared to color differences. Color showed importance part of law once the actor hit the stage the audience automatically knew what social class the actor or actress was and the greater importance of color and character. For example, Red was highly associated with the Catholic Church.
Willing to find out what your color meant in that time on stage? Here is a link to search more! Enjoy!